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The Civil War in Missouri

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This Means War!

Information Sheets

The capture of Camp Jackson established Union control in St. Louis.

Francis Blair became deeply involved in politics in Missouri, doing all he could to support a family friend, Senator Thomas Hart Benton, in his fight against the Whig Party.

Gen. Lyon, assisted by Col. Frank Blair Jr., gathered a force to drive the secessionist government from the capital, Jefferson City.

Capt. Lyon was at the center of organizing Union supporters who would eventually be mustered into Federal service.

Jessie Benton Frémont was a unique 19th-century woman because she had a powerful influence on public events.

The Minute Men was a paramilitary group established in St. Louis on January 7, 1861.

The Wide Awakes were political clubs in cities across the North, including in St. Louis, during the election of 1860.

Primary Source Activities

Students will use primary documents to explore and form conclusions about a mystery event during the Civil War in St. Louis.

Students will use an image of the Battle of Wilson’s Creek to understand more fully the events of the battle, their horrific consequences, and the way that war images were created.


A History of Missouri 1860-1875 by William E. Parrish

Civil War in St. Louis a Guided Tour by William C. Winter

Civil War St. Louis by Louis S. Gerteis

Civil War's First Blood by James Denny, John F. Bradbury

Damned Yankee: The Life of General Nathaniel Lyon by Christopher Phillips

Frank Blair Lincoln's Conservative by William Parrish

General Sterling Price and the Confederacy by Thomas C. Reynolds

Lincoln's Resolute Unionist Hamilton Gamble, Dred Scott Dissenter and Missouri's Civil War Governor by Dennis Bowman

Missouri's Confederate Claiborne Fox Jackson and the Creation of  Southern Identity in the Border by Christopher Phillips

Nobody's Boy by Jennifer Fleischner

Sterling Price: Portrait of a Southerner by Robert Shalhope

The Battle of Wilson's Creek by Edwin Bearss

Wilson's Creek The Second Battle of the Civil War and the Men Who Fought It by William Garrett Piston

Yankee Dutchman: The Life of Franz Sigel by Stephen D. Engle